Pilgrims go to different Miqats according to their different places around the world from which they head.
1- Zulhulaifah (Abyar `Ali Mosque)
It is almost 10 kilometers from Madinah, in the direction toward Makkah, and about 450 kilometers from Makkah. It is the miqat for those who live in Madinah and for those who approach Makkah from that direction.
So if your Hajj/`Umrah trip starts with visiting Madinah, no matter where you’re from, your Ihram starts from this miqat.
2- Zat `Irq
This miqat is about 94 kilometers towards the northeast side of Makkah. This is the miqat for the people of Iraq, Iran, and beyond.
3- Qarn Al-Manazil
It is a hilly place about 94 kilometers to the east of Makkah.
This is the miqat for the people of Najd, Kuwait and for those flying through the air space of that direction and those coming from Malaysia, Indonesia, Brunei and the surrounding areas.
It is about 190 kilometers to the northwest of Makkah. This is the miqat for the people who come from the direction of Syria, Palestine, Egypt, Morocco, Spain and other countries from that direction.
This one is a hilly area about 50 kilometers to the southeast of Makkah.
This is the miqat for the people of Yemen and others coming from that direction including the pilgrims from China, Japan, India, Pakistan, Malaysia who come by ship.
Source: E-Da`wah CommitteeSoucre Link