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New Muslims Pillars of Islam

The Testimony of Faith

The Shahada is the Muslim profession of faith and the first of the ‘Five Pillars’ of Islam. The word shahada in Arabic means ‘testimony.’ It must be recited by every Muslim at least once in a lifetime with a full understanding of its meaning and with an assent of the heart.

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New Muslims Pillars of Islam

The First Pillar of Islam: Testimony of Faith

All practicing Muslims accept belief in the ‘Six Articles of Faith’ and are obliged to follow the ‘Five Pillars.’  They are:

1.    Muslim profession of faith or shahada.

2.    Ritual Prayer or salah.

3.    Obligatory Charity or zakah.

4.    Fasting or sawm.

5.    Pilgrimage or hajj.

The First Pillar

Muslim Profession of Faith

The Shahada is the Muslim profession of faith and the first of the ‘Five Pillars’ of Islam.  The word shahada in Arabic means ‘testimony.’  The shahada is to testify to two things:

(a)   Nothing deserves worship except God (Allah).

(b)  Muhammad is the Messenger of God (Allah).

A Muslim is simply one who bears witness and testifies that “nothing deserves worship except God and Muhammad is the messenger of God.” One becomes a Muslim by making this simple declaration.


It must be recited by every Muslim at least once in a lifetime with a full understanding of its meaning and with an assent of the heart.  Muslims say this when they wake up in the morning, and before they go to sleep at night.  It is repeated five times in the call to prayer in every mosque.  A person who utters the shahada as their last words in this life has been promised Paradise.

Many people ignorant of Islam have misconceived notions about the Allah, used by Muslims to denote God. Allah is the proper name for God in Arabic, just as “Elah”, or often “Elohim”, is the proper name for God in Aramaic mentioned in the Old Testament.  Allah is also His personal name in Islam, as “YHWH” is His personal name in Judaism. However, rather than the specific Hebrew denotation of “YHWH” as “He Who Is“, in Arabic Allah denotes the aspect of being “The One True Deity worthy of all worship”.  Arabic speaking Jews and Christians also refer to the Supreme Being as Allah.

 

(a)   Nothing deserves worship except God (Allah).

The first part of this testimony states that God has the exclusive right to be worshipped inwardly and outwardly, by one’s heart and limbs.  In Islamic doctrine, not only can no one be worshipped apart from Him, absolutely no one else can be worshipped along with Him.  He has no partners or associates in worship.  Worship, in its comprehensive sense and all its aspects, is for Him alone.  God’s right to be worshipped is the essential meaning of Islam’s testimony of faith: Lā ‘ilāha ‘illā llāh.  A person becomes Muslim by testifying to the divine right to worship.  It is the crux of Islamic belief in God, even all of Islam.  It is considered the central message of all prophets and messengers sent by God – the message of Abraham, Isaac, Ishmael, Moses, the Hebrew prophets, Jesus, and Muhammad, may the mercy and blessings of God be upon them.  For instance, Moses declared:

“Hear, O Israel The Lord our God is one Lord.” (Deuteronomy 6:4)

Jesus repeated the same message 1500 years later when he said:

“The first of all the commandments is, “Hear, O Israel; the Lord our God is one Lord.” (Mark 12:29)

…and reminded Satan:

“Away from me, Satan!  For it is written: Worship the Lord your God, and serve Him only.” (Matthew 4:10)

Finally, the call of Muhammad, some 600 years after Jesus, reverberated across the hills of Mecca,

‘And your God is OneGod: there is no god but He.’ (Quran 2:163).

They all declared clearly:

“Worship God!  You have no other god but Him.” (Quran 7:59, 7:73; 11:50, 11:84; 23:32)

But by a mere verbal profession alone, one does not become a complete Muslim.  To become a complete Muslim one has to fully carry out in practice the instruction given by Prophet Muhammad as ordained by God.  This brings us to the second part of the testimony.


(b)  Muhammad is the Messenger of God (Allah).

Muhammad was born in Mecca in Arabia in the year 570 CE.  His ancestry goes back to Ishmael, a son of Prophet Abraham.  The second part of the confession of faith asserts that he is not only a prophet but also a messenger of God, a higher role also played by Moses and Jesus before him.  Like all prophets before him, he was a human being, but chosen by God to convey His message to all humanity rather than one tribe or nation from among the many that exist.  For Muslims, Muhammad brought the last and final revelation.  In accepting Muhammad as the “last of the prophets,” they believe that his prophecy confirms and completes all of the revealed messages, beginning with that of Adam.  In addition, Muhammad serves as the preeminent role model through his life example.  The believer’s effort to follow Muhammad’s example reflects the emphasis of Islam on practice and action.

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Divine Unity New Muslims

The Meaning of Shahada in Four Minutes

My name is Amina Blake, I became Muslim 24 yeas ago. I’m going to be recording a series of short videos aimed especially at brand new-Muslims or at Muslims who have been brought up in a very cultural background and are coming into the faith and they want to learn about faith as opposed to culture.

Once a person says the Shahada out of sincere faith, they receive the first good tiding which is the forgiveness of all their past sins.

The Meaning of Shahadah

This first session is about the shahadah. The shahadah is the declaration of faith, when one feels in one’s heart. So we believe in Allah, we believe in the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and all the Prophets; we believe in the six pillars of faith, then we are ready to put what we feel in our hearts and declare it with our tongues.

That’s what the shahadah basically is.

Now, we’ve all been on different journeys to get to that stage of taking the shahadah. Every journey is amazing and every journey is completely individual.

Some people become Muslim because of the proof of the Quran. The Quran is the truth, it’s not debatable. Now when we look at the sciences in the Quran, we look at the miracle of the language and linguistics in the Quran, we look at the perfect system, we look how Allah has revealed the Quran to us.

Reflection

We can see that it is the only true word of God and it’s very clear; it’s there for those to reflect. The Quran challenges us and tells us to reflect on it, to question it, and to delve into it.

So reflecting the creation, for example look at the crocodile, look at the mercy of the breeds of crocodiles that the mother will carry the young crocodiles in its mouth, yet they have the brain so small and it’s just amazing that the mother shows such mercy and care.

Look at the migration of the birds from one place to another using the magnetic fields of the earth; but a bird that can hatch out of an egg and learn how to fly and then will suddenly know its way from here to Africa.

I struggle getting from my house to Tesco’s sometimes and we have much bigger brains than birds.

We have a will of our own and we have the right to reflect and to choose; we have the intelligence to think and to choose between what is the truth and what is the falsehood. If we choose to follow the truth or falsehood, then it’s up to us.

So I’m pleased that you have chosen Islam, whether you’re from a born Muslim background or you’re from a non-Muslim background like myself.

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